Single horned rhino wiki Black Rhinoceros | Animal Database | FANDOM powered by Wikia
The black rhinoceros was once widespread south of the Sahara. Now, fewer than 2, remain. It has been hunted almost to extinction for its horns, which are prized in China and the Middle East.
For learn more here horn, a poacher can earn twice what he would earn in a year as a farmer. The black rhino is now found only in heavily guarded nature reserves, but illegal hunting still continues. The Black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros Diceros bicornisis a species of rhinocerosnative to eastern and central Africa including Kenya partnersuche anzeige muster, TanzaniaCameroonSouth AfricaNamibiaZimbabweand Angola.
Although the single horned rhino wiki is referred to as black, its colors vary from brown to grey. The other African rhinoceros is the white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum. The word "white" in the name "white rhinoceros" is a misinterpretation of the Afrikaans word wyd, itself derived from the Dutch word wijd for wide, referring to its square upper lip, as opposed to the pointed or hooked lip of the black rhinoceros.
These species are now sometimes referred to as the square-lipped for white or hook-lipped for black rhinoceros. The species overall is classified as critically endangeredand one subspeciesthe western black rhinoceroswas declared extinct by the IUCN in Please click for source species was first asien internationale partnervermittlung Rhinoceros bicornis by Carolus Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema naturae in The name means "double-horned rhinoceros".
There is some confusion about what exactly Linnaeus conceived under this name as this species was probably based upon the skull of a single-horned Indian single horned rhino wiki Rhinoceros unicorniswith a second horn please click for source added by the collector. Such a skull is known to have existed and Linnaeus even mentioned India as origin of this species.
However he also referred to reports from early travellers about a double-horned rhino in Africa and when it emerged that there is only one, single-horned species of rhino in India"Rhinoceros" bicornis was used to refer to the African rhinos the white rhino only became recognised in The intraspecific variation in the black rhinoceros has been discussed by various authors and is not finally settled.
The most accepted scheme considers seven or eight gmunden partnersuche, of which three became extinct in historical times and one is single horned rhino wiki the brink of extinction:.
The most widely adopted alternative scheme only recognizes five subspecies or single horned rhino wiki, Diceros bicornis bicornis, Diceros bicornis brucii, Diceros bicornis longipes, Diceros bicornis michaeli, and Diceros bicornis minor.
This concept is also used by the IUCNlisting three surviving subspecies and recognizing Diceros bicornis brucii and Diceros bicornis longipes as extinct.
The most important difference to the above scheme is the inclusion of the extant southwestern subspecies from Namibia in D. Games Movies TV Wikis. Contents [ show ]. Retrieved from " http: Ad blocker interference detected! Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. Remove the custom ad blocker rule s and the page will load as expected. Once abundant from the Cape of Good Hope to TransvaalSouth Africa and probably into the south of Namibiathis was the largest subspecies.
It became extinct due to excessive hunting and habitat destruction around Formerly central SudanEritreanorthern and southeastern EthiopiaDjibouti and northern and southeastern Somalia. Relict populations in northern Somalia vanished during the early 20th century. Chobe Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis chobiensis Lesson, Nearly extinct, possibly only one surviving specimen in Botswana. Uganda Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis ladoensis Zukowsky Former distribution from South Sudanacross Uganda into western Kenya and southwesternmost Ethiopia.
Black rhinos are considered extinct across most of this area and its conversational status is unclear. Probably surviving in Kenyan reserves. The range possibly stretched west to the Niger River in western Niger, though this is unconfirmed. The evidence from Liberia and Burkina Faso mainly rests upon the existence of indigenous names for the rhinoceros.
A far greater former range in West Africa as proposed earlier is doubted by a study. The last known wild specimens lived in northern Cameroon. In an intensive survey across its putative range in Single horned rhino wiki failed to locate any, leading to single horned rhino wiki that it was extinct in the wild. Eastern Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis michaeli Zukowsky Had a historical distribution from South SudanEthiopiadown through Kenya into north-central Tanzania.
Today, its range single horned rhino wiki limited primarily to Tanzania. South-central Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis minor Drummond, Most widely distributed subspecies, characterized by a compact body, proportionally single horned rhino wiki head and prominent skin-folds.
Extinct but reintroduced in MalawiBotswana single horned rhino wiki, and Single horned rhino wiki. South-western Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis occidentalis Zukowsky A small subspecies, adapted to survival in desert and semi-desert conditions. Originally distributed in north-western Namibia and southwestern Angolatoday restricted to wildlife reserves in Namibia with sporadic sightings in Angola.
These populations are often erroneously referred to Diceros bicornis bicornis or Diceros bicornis minor but represent single horned rhino wiki subspecies in their own right.
Single horned rhino wiki Greater One-Horned Rhino | Species | WWF
Rhinoceros unicornis Linnaeus, The Greater One-horned Rhinoceros populations are increasing overall due to strict protection, especially in India. However, some populations are decreasing, especially in Nepal and parts of northeastern India. There is a continuing decline in the quality of habitat, projected to continue into the future, which, if not addressed, will affect the long-term survival of some of the smaller populations, and could jeopardize the further recovery of the species.
Historically, the Indian rhinoceros once existed across the entire northern part of the Single horned rhino wiki subcontinent, along the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, from Pakistan to the Indian-Burmese border, including parts of Nepal, Bangladesh and Single horned rhino wiki Foose and van Strien It may also have existed in Myanmar, southern China, and Indochina, though this is uncertain.
The species was common in northwestern India and Pakistan until around single horned rhino wiki, but disappeared from this region shortly after this time Rookmaker, The species declined sharply in the rest of its range fromuntil the species was on the brink of extinction at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Currently, the Indian rhinoceros exists in a few small subpopulations in the Nepal and India West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Assam Foose and van Strien ; Grubb, click the following article, with an unsuccessful reintroduction of a pair in into Pakistan. India; Nepal Gedichte kennenlernen extinct: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.
The total population estimate in May was estimated to be 2, individuals, with estimates of a total of in Nepal and 2, in India Asian Rhino Specialist Group The Indian Rhino, with strict protection from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, has recovered from a total population of under in the early s.
Although some populations have declined in recent years, overall there has been a population increase for almost years which still continues. India The species exists in several protected areas in India, with the following population estimates in May Asian Single horned rhino wiki Specialist Group Dudhwa National Park 21Manas National Park 3Karteniaghat 2Kaziranga National Park 1, in ; 1, inOrang 68 in ; 46 inPabitora 81 in ; 74 in79 inJaldapara in ; 96 in ; 84 inGorumara 27 in ; 25 in ; 22 in Estimates given in Foose et al.
Poaching rendered learn more here species extinct in Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary by the mids Foose et al. The overall population tendency is to increase especially in Kaziranga, Pabitora, Dudhwa, Jaldapara and Gorumurawith decreases in Single horned rhino wiki, Orang now increasing again and Laokhowa.
The population in Karteniaghat is more info described as transient S. Nepal In the late s, an estimated 65 Indian rhinos survived in Nepal, but due to increased conservation efforts, the total population was up to in A total of at least 91 animals were poached in Martin,and sincenumbers have declined.
In Royal Single horned rhino wiki National Park, single horned rhino wiki number stuttgart kostenlos flirten individuals has declined from individuals partnervermittlung zwintschönato individuals in Asian Rhino Specialist Groupthe single horned rhino wiki being due to increased poaching following political instability in Nepal Rothley et al.
In Royal Bardia National Park where rhinos were re-introduced there were approximately 40 individuals in Foose et al. In Single horned rhino wiki Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve where the species was also re-introducedthe population is single horned rhino wiki six individuals Martin, ; Asian Rhino Specialist Group A pair of rhinos was introduced into Lal Sohanra National Park inbut have not bred.
The species inhabits the riverine grasslands of the Terai and Brahmaputra Basins Foose and van Strein The species prefers these alluvial single horned rhino wiki grasslands, but was known to occur in adjacent swamps and forests. The populations are currently restricted to habitats surrounded by human-dominated landscapes, so that the species often occurs in adjacent cultivated areas, pastures, and secondary forests.
The diet includes mainly grasses, but also some fruit, leaves, shrub and tree branches, and cultivated crops Nowak, The species also utilizes mineral licks regularly. Males are solitary, with unstructured, overlapping territories.
The females solitary unless occurring with young. Its life history characteristics are not well known, with longevity estimated at about years, gestation length of approximately 16 months as with other rhino speciesand age at sexual maturity estimated at years for females and 10 years for males Nowak, ; IRF website, This species is harvested illegally for its horn and other products used in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
There may be some parts in trade originating from animals that died in zoos Strien click litt. This species declined to near extinction in the early s, primarily due to widespread conversion of alluvial plains grasslands to agricultural development, which led to human-rhino conflicts and easier accessibility for hunters.
Sport hunting became common in the late s and early s. A reversal of government policies shortly thereafter protected many of the remaining populations. However, poaching, mainly for the use of the horn in Traditional Chinese Medicine has remained a constant and the success is precarious without continued and increased support for conservation efforts in India and Nepal. Poaching has lead to decreases in several important populations, especially those in Chitwan, Manas, Laokhowa and the Babai Valley area of Bardia.
However, not all recent population decreases continue reading be linked to poaching.
There have been serious declines in quality of habitat in some areas. This is due to: In Chitwan the second largest population there is clear evidence that poaching on its own does not account for the observed level of population decline R. In Chitwan there has been severe infestation of some riverine and grassland areas by single horned rhino wiki climbing Mikania micrantha which covers over indigenous vegetationand invasion of Eupatorium in other areas.
There is also heavy livestock grazing pressure and disturbance in buffer zone areas as well as some invasion of grasslands by Acacia catechu and Dalbergia sissou. In India, there is not yet any evidence that invasion by alien plants has caused any population decreases. However, in Orang National Park, single horned rhino wiki have been marked habitat changes due to grazing, human encroachment and silting up.
Mimosa is also an alien invader in this area. In the Karnali floodplain area of Bardia there is also some invasion of habitat by the alien Lantana camara. In Pabitora there has been an invasion of Ipomoea "weeds" into grassland areas S.
There also has been an invasion of woodland into grassland and siltation and drying up of some water bodies. There also has been some human encroachment and very heavy livestock grazing. With increasing human densities this pressure is unlikely to get any less S. Single horned rhino wiki of satellite imagery has shown that there has a substantial increase in woodland This change of habitat is mostly because single horned rhino wiki natural succession process, livestock grazing from the nearby villages as well as improper management of the grassland habitat Sarma et al.
The West Bengal populations Jaldapara and Gorumara are affected by high levels partnervermittlungen grazing from fringe villages, and there have been weed and climber infestations by Mikania cordataM. This area, is subject to poaching and tensions with the surrounding high human population due to just click for source conflicts including conflicts with rhinos.
The level of poaching in Kaziranga has generally not been at a level to prevent the single horned rhino wiki increase in the population, but constant vigilance is required. Clearly, any catastrophic event in Kaziranga such as disease, civil disorder, poaching, habitat loss, etc would have a devastating single horned rhino wiki on the status of this species.
Sex-ratio among the adult rhinos in Gorumara National Single horned rhino wiki is almost 1: As a result, intra-specific fights among the bulls are very common and these animals have a tendency to single horned rhino wiki out of the National Park very often, leading to human-wildlife conflicts S.
There are suggestions that the small population of rhinos in Jaldapara and Gorumara may be prone to in-breeding depression S. There have been proposals to dam the Bramaphutra River in Arunachal Pradesh, and should this happen in future this could very negatively affect the habitat quality and rhino carrying capacity of major parks like Kaziranga in future by preventing or reducing the pulse of nutrients brought in by regular large floods.
In Jaldapara Sanctuary, the River Torsa no longer overflows as a result of massive flood-control structures. As a result the water table in the sanctuary is receding single horned rhino wiki the natural water-bodies and wallow-pools used by rhinos are slowly drying up S.
The Indian and Nepalese governments have taken major steps towards Indian Rhinoceros conservation, especially with the help of the World Wide Fund for Nature WWF and other non-governmental organizations. Indian Rhino populations occur almost exclusively within and around protected areas. Strict anti-poaching measures are needed to maintain all of these populations.
It is also important to reduce human-wildlife single horned rhino wiki around single horned rhino wiki areas, and this might involve fencing. Many of the areas also require targeted programmes to control invasive plants, to prevent the spread of woodland, to single horned rhino wiki wetlands through appropriate water management, and to limit the extent of grazing by domestic livestock.
In Pabitora, specific recommendations have been made to increase the quality of feeding habitat of single bad lobenstein within the sanctuary through meticulous manipulation and checking livestock grazing Sarma et al.
Water holding mechanisms within the sanctuary during winter are crucial in terms of keeping moist grassland available single horned rhino wiki winter seasons, thereby reducing the number of rhinos straying out of the sanctuary and thus exposing themselves to poaching Sarma et al.
The area of Kaziranga National Park has officially been extended, although animals had access to this area previously as the original park area was not fenced. In West Bengal Jaldapara and Gorumarathere is a programme of habitat improvement in old teak areas, weed control is being carried out in ha annually. These cover a number of important and specific conservation measures, including: Downloaded on 06 December If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided.
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The black rhinoceros was once widespread south of the Sahara. single-horned species of rhino in India, Animal Database is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community.
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More info on Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros The Great One-Horned Rhinoceros has a single horn; Assam state of India has one-horned rhino as the official.
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One-Horned African Rhinoceros is an unknown hoofed rhinoceros with a single horn was discovered to the existence of a one-horned rhino in sub.
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The Sumatran rhinoceros is the only rhino in Asia which bears two horns; in fact, the genus name Dicerorhinus comes from the Latin word for two, horn (ceros) and nose (rhinos). However, the second horn can be so short, rarely measuring more than ten centimetres, that often it appears to be single-horned with just the first horn, measuring .
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More info on Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros The Great One-Horned Rhinoceros has a single horn; Assam state of India has one-horned rhino as the official.